Page 5 - January 2022 - Truth & Tidings
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glorification (Rom 8:11). Another of His   2)  His  actions.  In  the  above  quoted
        divine works is inspiration: “All Scripture   statement from John 16, the Spirit is said
        is breathed out by God” (2Ti 3:16), which   to “hear” and to “speak.” He also “inter-
        came by means of those who “were car-  cedes” (Rom 8:26). These are actions of a
        ried along by the Holy Spirit” (2Pe 1:21).  person rather than a mere force.
          4) His association with the Father and the   3) His attributes. It is often pointed out
        Son. Among the many passages in Scrip-  that personhood requires intelligence, a
        ture that link the Spirit in an equal place   will and emotions. These are all true of
        with the other persons of the Trinity is our   the Holy Spirit. His intelligence is seen
        Lord’s instructions regarding baptism: “…  in what He knows (1Co 2:10-11) and in
        baptizing them in the name of the Father   what He teaches (1Co 2:13; see also Joh
        and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit”   16:13). His will is evident in the choices
        (Mat 28:19). Other clear examples include   He makes, as He “apportions to each one
        2 Corinthians 13:14 and 1 Peter 1:2. The   individually as he wills” (1Co 12:11; see
        Holy Spirit’s names also make these links   also Act 15:28). And His emotions are seen
        clear, as He is “the Spirit of our God” (1Co   in the fact that He can be grieved (Eph
        6:11) and “the Spirit of Jesus” (Act 16:7).   4:30) and “outraged” (Heb 10:29).
        His equality with the Father and the Son
        is also seen when the Lord Jesus promised   4) His associations, and the fact that He
        to ask the Father to send “another Helper”   can be blasphemed. The same verses noted
        (Joh 14:16), using a word for “another”   above that establish His deity by linking
        meaning “another of the same kind.”   Him with the Trinity and which state He is
                                              “another of the same kind” also establish
        The Holy Spirit Is a Person           that He is as much a person as are the Fa-
          Like His deity, there are many ways the   ther and the Son. Equally, the fact that He
        Scriptures show the personhood of the   can be “lied to” (Act 5:3) and “blasphemed
        Holy Spirit. He is not an impersonal force,   against” (Mar 3:29) means that He must
        like gravity, nor personification (a literary   be a person – a divine person.
        device ascribing personal characteristics   Precious Implications
        to a nonpersonal thing), but He is a dis-
        tinct person. This can be seen in:      We  have  touched  only  some  of  the
          1) The pronoun “He.” The word translat-  Scriptures that establish the deity and
        ed “Spirit” is neuter in gender in the Greek   personhood of the Holy Spirit. And for
        language. It would be expected grammati-  us as believers, these truths about who
        cally that a neuter pronoun would be used   He is hold many precious implications.
        to refer to the Spirit. However, the Lord   These are developed in the other articles
        Jesus stated, “When the Spirit of truth   in this issue, but in summary, He is One
        comes, he will guide you … he hears …   with Him with whom we have come into
        he will speak … he will declare … he will   relationship (Rom 8:16) and whose divine
        glorify … he will take” (Joh 16:13-15). With   power and work affects all attitudes, areas
        each of the masculine pronouns, “he,”   and actions of our lives. May we live each
        the Lord Jesus made a deliberate choice   day knowing Him, conscious of His holy
        to emphasize that the Spirit is a person,   personal presence with us and in us (Joh
        not a thing.                          14:17)!

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