Page 13 - January 2022 - Truth & Tidings
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How was a fisherman like Peter going to   of his sin and unbelief. His guilt and
        preach the truth of the gospel to over 3,000   condemnation already stand (3:18), but
        souls at Pentecost? The answer lay in the   the Spirit awakens him to a realisation of
        communication of the Spirit of truth who   being lost and Christ as His only hope.
        would facilitate “greater works.” At Pen-  2. The Spirit convinces that same sin-
        tecost alone the Spirit would spearhead a   ner of his false righteousness, so that he
        spiritual revival where 3,000 souls would   might be made the righteousness of God
        be saved (Act 2:41). Some mocked and   in Christ (2Co 5:21).
        accused the disciples of being drunk, but   3. The Spirit convinces the world of
        Peter points out that the gift of tongues   judgment to come because the prince of
        was a direct manifestation of the Holy   this world, Satan, was judged at the cross
        Spirit and a partial fulfilment of the OT   and dethroned by a risen Christ. The
        prophet Joel. The Spirit will not only   advent of the Holy Spirit promises a new
        teach them “all things” (Joh 14:26) but   order when Christ will reign supreme and
        bring to their memory things that Christ
        had already taught them. There will be no   the unbelieving world will face eternal
        bumpy transition as the new teacher takes   judgment.
        over, because John says He is the “Holy”   Commentary on All Truth
        Ghost (v26), and sinless means seamless.   As the Lord Jesus lifted up His eyes to
        Dwelling with Christ means suffering, and   pray for them (17:1), there were many
        at the end of the chapter, with a lesson on   things they could not understand until
        ampelography (the study of vines), the   the day of Pentecost, but He assured them
        Lord Jesus promised that He who dwells   the Holy Spirit would be their personal
        in Christ (the true vine) and brings forth   commentary on all truth for “he will guide
        fruit will be hated as Christ was. But even   you into all truth” (16:13). They did not
        in this next challenging stage, the Com-  have a complete Bible, e-Sword or Vine’s
        forter will be at work as the lead witness,   dictionary, but the Spirit would explain
        a comfort to all who engage in the gospel.  things they didn’t understand at the time
        Convicting and Testifying             they were uttered, which would also be
          Sometimes we come across “charis-   a down payment on things to come. “All
        matic” believers who place great emphasis   truth” includes the whole gamut of NT
        on the Spirit and rarely mention Christ.   doctrine and the fulfilment of outstanding
        They are all fizz with little substance be-  OT prophecies in relation to Israel, along
        cause the true manifestation of the Spirit is   with the Apocalypse of John, bringing to
        missing – the Spirit must testify of Christ   completion the canon. This commentary
        (15:26). We must beware of any gospel   will be trustworthy, for He will not speak
        whose purpose is not to glorify Christ   independently but what He hears in uni-
        (16:14). The Lord Jesus taught them that   son with the Father and Son (v13).
        without Him they could do nothing (15:5),   Christ reveals the ultimate purpose of
        and now He outlines the Spirit’s threefold   the Spirit – “He shall glorify me” (v14) –
        role in evangelising the world (16:8-11).   but for now, as they sing a hymn and cross
          1. “Reproving” the world of sin means   the brook Kedron, they must first go to
        “to convict,” so that when the gospel is   Golgotha. Before the Spirit of truth comes
        preached, the Spirit convinces a sinner   down, the Son of man must be lifted up.

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